Gastronomy: the madness of home chefs

Gastronomy: the madness of home chefs

Afford the services of a chef to entertain guests? A concept booming for three years and not necessarily ruinous.

Normally, it’s my wife who cooks. For his birthday, I wanted it to be at the table “The solution to succeed his surprise, they are friends of François Yung, special advisor to entrepreneurs, who have blown him. A home cook . “It happened to 10 am with its bowls and cans, filled the basket. I set the table and he took care of everything. He advised me to wine and it made the service. When he left after sharing champagne with us, the kitchen was clean. “

The birthday luncheon that amazed his friends will cost her 40 euros per person, without leaving the living room. For three years, this service has developed in France, and platforms are created on the Internet to link customers and professionals. About 2 500 independent cooks exert now a private chef activities in France. In question, the French regained appetite for eating well without them necessarily have the time or talent to cook. And “with” Top Chef, “” MasterChef “and” An almost perfect dinner “, this formula looks more and more people,” says Stephen Leguillon, founder of Beauty Plate, a site that allows online reservation benefits culinary.

On its site, it offers the services of 55 chefs, all selected after a test dinner. These hats are free to set their prices, their conditions and their recipes, like Adib Kaddoura, a cook who offers menus ranging from 44 to 87 euros per person. In exchange, they are returning a 12% commission the company to Stephen Leguillon, which also provides them with assistance in managing their accounts.

A key, an average income of 2,000 euros per month for the elect, that they leave school or a starred establishment. The start-up has already organized several fundraisers to 100 000 and is preparing a new round bringing French investors, but also British and American.

With a first menu at 75 euros per person, Dinners Eloise aim, them wealthy clients looking to combine fine dining and privacy of the home. An initial investment of EUR 300 000 and seven employees or associates leaders all went through the starred restaurants, enabled the company to achieve 1 million in revenue this year.

In Reims, Denis Spitz has also specialized in high cuisine and full service home services, for companies or individuals. Among its regulars, the champagne houses Veuve Clicquot or Bollinger. It comes to you to define your menu (35 to 95 euros) and can, on the day, you prepare carpaccio St. Jacques on a mashed avocado, lime vinaigrette and fresh basil, or trifle with strawberries and ricotta mousse with pink biscuits of Reims. It can also, for 130 euros more, bringing his butler, to perfect service.

The professionals also see in this new market a way to gain their independence. At 26, Frederic Moulin worked in the most prestigious kitchens of France: Guy Savoy, Paul Bocuse and Le Grand Vefour. “My goal is to open my restaurant, so I became chief in a traditional, then I started freelance. We are obliged to calculate all our ratios, ourselves we buy our products. This is an excellent school, “he says. His meals at home, between 55 and 200 euros per guest, also allow it to be a nice address book: he recently cooked for the pastry chef Pierre Herme or owners of ST Dupont lighters.

But the concept is not restricted to an elite. At 20, Theophile Playoust offers menus at 36 euros per person. “I started through my parents, friends, network,” says the young man who, after two years of hotel school, did not exercise in a restaurant. Through its Facebook page and word-of-mouth, he made two to three services a week and already earns up to 4,000 euros per month.

Over time, Theophilus saw broaden its customer base. “Many young people call me for dinner with friends at home. Not necessarily wealthy, but are fun. “In short, no need to go to the restaurant, now, is the restaurant that comes to you.

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Undertake abroad: they did!

Undertake abroad: they did!

They left everything behind almost to start their business to thousands of kilometers from France. From Copenhagen to Sausalito, here are three examples.

ERIC VINCENT, Copenhagen (Denmark)

Denmark, the little kingdom of which little is heard, located two hours from Paris, has always fascinated me. “For Eric Vincent, 44, married with 4 children, settle in the land of Vikings is needed early obvious. This original Nantais stayed there once when the opportunity presents itself: after a chef CAP, he went to prepare a degree in nutrition and dietetics for three and a half years. Then he tried his luck in Guadeloupe, in London and Reunion from 1992 to 1994, but to no avail: Denmark is the only place where he sees flourish. He dropped anchor in Copenhagen in 1995, “with a backpack” for any luggage.

Restorer of “national education” in Copenhagen, Denmark DR

Two decades later, he still plague “against the lack of light in winter,” he absolutely no regrets. After teaching at the hotel school in the Business School Admission from 2000 to 2003, in international section, he bought The National Education in 2004, “a classic and authentic French bistro” of old Copenhagen, instead of meeting place of the community French since 1992. a successful challenge which led him to open a grocery store two years later – Education Gourdmand’is – closed in 2008 in favor of a cozy wine bar, the Corkscrew.

Two restaurants and a food truck. Today, Eric is a happy restaurateur at the head of a big deal. Fourteen employees, “mostly French, especially in the kitchen, to stick to the restaurant’s image,” and a turnover in constant increase. Yet it was not won, “Faced with the refusal of the bank to grant us a loan, we had to mortgage the house of my in-laws!” Well that undertaking is simple and encouraged in Denmark – “get a visa work prerequisite to launch poses no difficulty “- a Business School Admission guarantee is required at time of registration -” it amounted to 17,000 euros. ”

Apart from this requirement a bit restrictive, the country “the happiest in the world” according to the World Happiness Report 2016 (World Happiness Report) is a paradise for ambitious. “While speaking Danish is more, even a necessity in some cases, everyone practice English, which facilitates relations, says Eric. And living here is fantastic, I fully adheres to the Danish social model, based on a supportive community that advocates for change things. For this reason, I suggest staying much longer, until the end of my days maybe. “In the meantime, another project could emerge in the form of a food truck in Copenhagen.

His advice

“Before starting a business, a small room is needed. The Danish market is not big and it has its codes, its specificities that must be mastered before rushing. Notice to new technology buffs: there is strong demand in the sector. “

The National Education in Brief

This French bistro “classic” offers quality cuisine using fresh, traditional French cuisine and wines and spirits just as French ( “neither Coke nor Carlsberg, yet national drink”), and a worthy decoration “old” bistros.

Seat: Copenhagen.

Created: redemption in 2004 (the establishment since 1992).

Associates: 2, “with my wife.”

Employees: 14.

Key numbers: 1.15 million euros in turnover this year, “an average increase of 10% since 2004”.

Initial investment: 17,000 euros.

Jonathan Kieusseian, 28, defines himself as a “serial entrepreneur,” motivated by “innovation and the sharing of experiences.” It is also a “serial traveler” who has studied all over the world before foothold in Burma. Between 2006, the year of his entry into the pole Leonardo da Vinci (Defense), and 2015, this marketing expert off and online made his first internship in London in a media agency, lived in Sweden as part of an exchange Erasmus made a voluntary two years in Ivory Coast, the Orange Technocentre in Abidjan, and obtained a Master Strategy and Management of International Business from ESSEC on the Singapore campus before joining campus ‘EGADE Business School in Mexico City! “The difference is such between the image of a country that the media refer, sometimes friends, and reality, I prefer to form my own opinion.”

Complicated, but not insurmountable. Open mind, deep faith in humanity and remarkable academic background: it was the subtle and perfect alchemy to launch in Myanmar, new home for the more adventurous expatriates. “Burma is one of the last countries or yet to be built, a bit like in those countries of the former Soviet Union – such as Armenia, the homeland of my ancestors – who discovered a world full of opportunities overnight, welcomes Jonathan.

I saw something incredible, because the lives of 50 million people changing almost daily! Similarly, the delay in the country allows it to draw on best practices from neighbors and not to repeat their mistakes. “But the road is long and bumpy. Despite democratic elections in November 2015 and the introduction of a more liberal government, the situation remains unstable “. Better be ready to leave the country quickly if serious events occurred”

Moreover, the cultural gap, administrative inertia and corruption are all obstacles to overcome for those wishing to settle. “Starting a business is not easy and takes time. Passage required to file the articles and be “seen” banks must join two Burmese, then pay a lawyer between 5,000 and 10,000 euros for administrative procedures, and have a letter of invitation from a company already registered in Burma to stay more than twenty-eight days duration of the tourist visa. “Not enough to thwart the ambition of the young boss. Jonathan is both confident in his project, a teleshopping channel (TV and Internet) combined with a home product delivery service, and proud of its 100% local team: “We, ensures t- it, the means to become a pillar in importing quality products to improve the lives of Burmese. “

His advice

“While learning about the target industry. Burma – Rangoon in particular – attracts more and more foreign investors. To know the expectations of the market, Facebook and websites enable groups to interact with expats already present for some time. Not to mention the French Institute, also very active. “

Myanmar direct express

A string of TV shopping and home delivery service. “In Burma, the demand for consumer goods is growing, or many cheap products sold are bad bill, even dangerous to health. We intend to make a difference by importing quality products certified by the manufacturer and local departments concerned, with a guaranteed offer for the customer, and home delivery for simplicity “.

Headquarters: Yangon (Rangoon).

Created: January 2016.

Associates: 2. Employees: 5.

Key figures: 20,000 customers at the end of the first year.

Services offered: “I join a company that is created to launch the first TV shopping channel Burma, on television and on the Internet and offer exclusive products – from the solar lamp in the kitchen appliance – to the population. I ride parallel electric bicycle delivery business products marketed on the Internet by third parties. ”

Key dates: January 2016, the company’s creation. Mars first sale through TV shopping and e-commerce. April purchases of the first electric bikes from Japan.

Initial investment: “Our Business School Admission and money lent by our families, complemented by the contribution of Singaporean investors.”

JEROME TRICAULT AND TRIBE, SAUSALITO (USA)

Inventor of Magicbed, a cot that folds and unfolds in a snap, Jerôme Tricault is the first surprised when he learned that the United States issue him a visa 01, reserved for “exceptional talent”. Cautious still, Jerome, his partner, Emmanuel Sordoillet, and their wives, in San Francisco will identify places. Thunderbolt: Two months later, the entire families – seven children in all – arrived in Sausalito. “They were not hot at first, but today only one of them still wants to go.”

In their suitcases, Jerome and Emmanuel outweigh Pictyear an iPhone app that creates collaborative photo books, they are working on for six months. “It interested me more than going Magicbed sale,” said Jerome. The magic bed but allowed them to start their business. In September 2014, they hire developers and canvass the major Silicon Valley. “Here, create a business is a sport.” In early January, the pair raise $ 1 million, and in May, Pictyear is one of the “App Stores” European. Jerome is delighted: “Life is very different from what we had in Bordeaux. But there is an irreplaceable energy. “

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IT: the pros of cloud and big data will be popular

IT: the pros of cloud and big data will be popular

> Web and Mobile Developer: work with a shovel, but for young people

By opening last year its own computer school, Xavier Niel did not hide it: we do not train enough programming specialists with regard to business needs. New players the Net and lack of talent perfectly mastering the languages ​​used to design websites (Java, .Net .) or applications for mobile phones and tablets (Android, iOS .). This shortage will persist in the coming years. But beware: this business is primarily reserved to young graduates, especially bac + 5, – “they represent 95% of our recruitment,” said Dominique Galet, Talent & Trust – even if the tray + 3 chances in smaller companies. Web developers will have no trouble adjusting to the language of the mobile world. It will be complicated by cons for those who have worked on software design “traditional”. Another handicap is the salary they will be competing with recent graduates hired around 30 000 to 35 000 per year.

> Web Designer: a well-known profession that will remain in the future bearer

If the site of the new perfume Paco Rabanne got last November Awwwards the prestigious international award for the best web creation, it owes to the one who designed the web designer. A job that certainly is not new, but will remain buoyant: first, because brands looking to get noticed more and more on the web with original sites. Then, because they must also give their image on smaller screens (thus less readable) tablets and smartphones. According to research firm Katalyse is one of the professions in the sector – often practiced freelancing – expected to grow the most in five years. Recruiters are increasingly demanding and require both specialized skills in graphics and programming language, but also animation and video. Designers graduates of art schools that do not possess this computer knowledge therefore must acquire continuing education if they are to have a serious chance to retrain.

> UX Designer: aces ergonomics are sought

A site that is beautiful is good. But a clear site and where it is easy to navigate, it’s even better. This is the work of webergonome or UX designer. A particularly sensitive issue for commercial sites, that could quickly see flee users if their interface is too complicated. The pros and speak of “user experience” (UX English) positive or negative. Well known in the USA for several years, the profession in France is more recent. Besides there is still no specific training, apart from being ergonomics in some curriculum webdesign. “So, people with a double degree, humanities and webdesign are appreciated,” says Sacha Kalusevic, recruitment firm Page Personnel. In addition to traditional graphic designers, other experienced candidates may also succeed: General psychologists or ergonomists, provided, of course, to acquire the skills and necessary Internet marketing. And knowing that this business practice is more independent consultant that employee in a communication agency.

> Cloud Engineer: clear sky for these pros of online data storage

You store your family photos on a website rather than in thick albums at home? Without knowing it, you are using cloud computing (literally cloud computing). This hosting remote data system, easily accessible through the Internet, also enjoyed great success with companies who can outsource much of their IT. Good news for data center companies, but also service providers who gravitate. The cloud computing market, which already weighs 2 billion euros in France should indeed grow 20% annually by 2020, according to research firm International Markess. By cons, this success is a danger to all the engineers responsible for administering systems in business, they have less and less need of their services. Hence the importance for them to master the new environment. The profession is very young, few engineering schools have already launched continuous training, the Isep in Paris being one of the first to have done last year. Even rarity in initial training. This is probably just the beginning. Note that at the exit of the school cloud engineers can claim higher earnings of 10 to 15% compared to a system engineer classic profile (from 37 000 to 42 000 after two years of experience ).

> Data scientist: this data hunter dimension

The numbers are staggering: every minute in the world, more than 2 million queries are performed on Google, 280,000 messages are sent on Twitter and more than 1.5 billion pieces of content shared on Facebook. This colossal mass of information available on the Web is a gold mine for businesses and in particular for their marketing services. Must still be able to analyze these big data, these very different kind of data and not always well structured. It is the job of data scientist, who will be able through complex algorithms to extract database information relevant to better understand customer behavior. Which will subsequently marketing departments to provide better targeted offers. “We have to be good in both computer science and statistics, but also understand the challenges of its business,” said Pascal Bizzari, the consulting firm datamining Avisia. employer side, in addition to consulting firms, pure players of the Web (Amazon, Vente-privee.com .), but also banks and telecom operators are increasingly interested in these profiles. And this will continue, as consumers increasingly communicate with their favorite brands through multiple channels. Result, a career transition for engineers or financial is perfectly possible, especially as the function is well paid, with salaries exceeding 75,000 euros for very experienced profiles.

> Cyber Security Engineer: recruiters lack of these specialists

If there is a thrilling profession hacking scandal of the NSA, it is that engineers cybersecurity. As a publicity stunt, hard to beat. industrial espionage, fraud, viruses or hacking hackers, companies are increasingly subject to cyber attacks. And it will not work out, their networks are becoming more open and accessible via the Net, so vulnerable. To protect themselves, they will need to strengthen their cyber defense teams. Not to mention the many specialized companies in the sector as Cassidian (EADS subsidiary), Thales, Sogeti and Atos. However, according to Senator Bockel’s report in 2012, the current training only cover a quarter of recruitment needs, estimated at 1,000 per year, including 800 in the private. It is true that the specialized courses in school or college are still few in initial or continuing training. An interesting trail to follow, therefore, for students, but also for experienced system engineers who want to refocus and aim later positions responsible computer security (RSSI).

> IF Planner: recurring needs in large groups

A village does not need a planner. A city, though. Well, for the information systems (IS) is the same. Only large groups (particularly in banking, telecom and industry) and consulting firms employ these professionals, also known as business architects. Their job? Plan and develop computer of their business or their customers, according to the needs and technological innovations. The positions are so few. But these experts will be especially popular as systems become more complex every day (cloud computing, business intelligence). The function requires both a strong technical background and a good knowledge of the Company’s businesses which will be affected by its decisions. That is an interesting career move for system and network engineers with good experience in server management.

Here to conclude this series, not a new profession itself, but a methodology called “agile”, the IT project managers are urged to know. “It is increasingly required in the CV,” says Dominique Pebble associated Talent & Trust recruitment firm. The goal is to work more quickly and collegially with the customer, proceeding by successive adjustments: hence the term “scrum”, meaning “mixed” in English. Example. When a publisher designing software for a client, it first establishes with him all the features of the product. Then teams engage in a sprint to deliver as quickly as possible a first piece, the customer will be tested immediately. “If there are no bugs, the developers move to another feature, without returning to the previous” says Claude Aubry, a consultant specializing in the field. Advantages ? This method can be adapted more finely to customer demand. The employees in turn are motivated by a more participatory management. Many computer schools already sensitize their students to this process in their course of software engineering. If project managers already working interest will be trained in this area.

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Health – Beauty: a bright future for all matters relating to the welfare

Health – Beauty: a bright future for all matters relating to the welfare

Surprise. We knew the French champions of Europe in the consumption of antidepressants, but they are also for beauty and care products. Another way to fight against the stress of everyday life, especially as current trends are natural, relaxation and cocooning. Although busy days require the “express” services also have the wind in their sails.

Summary record

  • Food – food: huge potential in new forms of fast food and online sales
  • Health – Beauty: a bright future for all matters relating to the welfare
  • Leisure – culture still many unexplored niches
  • Fashion – decoration: an abundance of concepts to take abroad
  • High-tech: a multitude of new services to sell through the revolution of social networking and mobile Internet
  • Services for seniors: many veins under-exploited in this market booming
  • Surfing the wave of organic cosmetics

    A business specialists, cosmetic? Isabelle Carron, 48, and Arnaud Pigounides, 35, prove the opposite: initially, they are owners of a communications agency – and stayed. Their strategy deserves all the more to be studied. To start Absolution, they have relied on organic (Ecocert, recyclable packaging) and originality with a range of unisex products compatible with each other (this is far from always the case).

    No experts, but bûcheurs they worked a year and invested 300,000 euros: development of herbal recipes by a botanist, selecting a manufacturer to Aix-en-Provence (thank you Google), a supplier of tubes and pots at the show LuxePack . starting in September 2009, was made in specialty stores, Sephora, Marionnaud and other major retailers are inaccessible at first. After a fundraiser 200,000 euros, they seek 1 million to develop.

    Our advice: as did the creators of Absolution to be known professionals, it will be smart to rent a small stand (5,000 euros) in the renowned annual exhibition of cosmetics, Beyond Beauty in Paris.

    Being among the first to develop cosmetic treatments Express

    Party a few months on the campus of ESSEC in Singapore, Hugues de Braucourt discovered in the local metro QB House lounges, offering passersby pressed a haircut in ten minutes for 5 euros, without appointment. Returning to France in June 2009, the young man, still a student, decided to inspire the concept. To validate it, it will sound hairdressers in Paris, launching questionnaires on Internet forums (like that of Aufeminin.com) but also ask family, friends, students at her school .

    Reinforced his idea and joined by his sister, Diane Frachon, Hugh approach while commercial landlords to get a local not too expensive. Unibail offers to 30 square meters in the shopping center of Part-Dieu in Lyon. After collecting 100,000 euros from banks with the support of the Entrepreneurship Network Initiative and Paris, he opened his first hair salon and cheap express care Benow in December 2010. Six months later, the break is achieved.

    Our advice: in express service, the key is to be installed in high traffic locations (train, metro .). Another creator, Nicolas Langer and installs its Beauty Bubble Hair bubbles in airports and hypermarkets.

    Bring Asian relaxation centers and cheap relaxation

    When former co-creator of Monceau Fleurs launching a new business, it deserves attention. In 2007, Pascal Royer discovered in Spain Henartural, health care institutions where they are . the beds that massage the body. He contacted the suppliers, all South Korean, and discovered the extent of the market for automated relaxation – cheaper than the manual care – in Germany, Canada and the United States. After the low-cost flowers, why not massage at low prices?

    Several trips to Asia later to discover other amazing machines (massage arch, bathroom ionizing feet), this former Dauphine opened in December 2008 a first TheraCh’i Institute in Paris (300,000 euros invested). “Given the success, I declined the concept of duty,” he says. With seven stores, the network has now reached 1 million in sales.

    Our advice: precursor TheraCh’i is still alone in this market very fashionable, but expects the arrival of competitors. Note that the Spanish Henartural, he was inspired, is not present in France but could soon land there.

    Get a place, through franchising, the market for food stores

    One billion euros! The French market for weight loss is heavy. However not easy to create a concept to distinguish from increased competition in this sector, which includes both food supplements slimming treatments, books or coaching . So, it may be smart to incorporate a franchise expanding as Naturhouse.

    Present since 2005 in France, the Spanish manufacturer of food supplements, which sells its products in an original way, multiplies the openings “90 this year,” says Olivier Roques, former head of a high-tech company, who paid 200,000 euros for the masterfranchise (exclusivity) of the french market. Of course, we will not make a fortune with one shop. But, given the expansion of the chain, it is quickly possible to open more. “Our biggest franchisee has seven stores and carries 2 million in revenue.”

    Our advice: a dietician for advice and dietary supplements sold in stride. The principle of Naturhouse is quite simple to imitate. And there is room in the market .

    Using the Internet to sell personal development tips

    The niche of the wellness is not just to products and services for the body. There are also juicy business to achieve for who would take care of the mind. See Jean-Pierre Camard, 61, and France Hetier, 51. There are two years, the couple launched the website Jeconsulteunpsy.com. Neither one nor the other are the seraglio, him being a computer engineer and physiotherapist. “But we are passionate about psychology and have been in therapy before duplicate this concept very popular in England,” they confide.

    The principle ? Psychologists (initially canvassed in the alumni directory of the EPP, a reputable school in the profession), which the site retrocedes fees are available 24 hours 7 days 24 and 7. Before you contact them by phone , just check their availability on the site. The price of the consultation? 1 per minute. To build the computing platform, a budget of 130,000 euros was needed. A worthwhile investment: this year, sales should reach 800,000 euros. And Vivendi, which has a similar site, has already offered to buy them.

    Our advice: while the health professions are regulated, provide a service bringing together professionals from this sector does not require prior authorization. The future ? Sites of medical advice in all specialties. Moreover, Jean-Pierre and France Camard Hetier have just to start one .

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    Rental management: What landlords need to know to make the right choice

    Rental management: What landlords need to know to make the right choice

    Upon acquisition of housing for rental to the owner arises the question of whether to take the rental management of the property or give it to a professional. Rental management of mission property includes intermediate looking for a creditworthy tenant, drafting of the lease, the payment of expenses condominium building’s trustee, sending the notice to the tenant to the owner. Paid service, rental management by a professional cost to the owner lessor average between 8% and 15% of annual rents of duty or assigned housing. Advantages and disadvantages of “homemade” – manage yourself – if necessary with the help of software, and the choice of rental management entrusted to your care by paid professional.

    You own or will buy an apartment or house that you intend to hire. However. Finding the right tenant, assume the rental management of your property every day seems a major concern, consuming, absorbing in terms of time, do you think, requires legal knowledge, fiscal and financial.

    The simplest solution would be to entrust the rental property management to a professional who would be responsible for everything, for a fee of course.

    Not sure yet that the rental management fee is the only alternative that is worth. Do not rush to decide. First Quench your anxieties and doubts not forgetting that millions of “small” owners manage their own rental housing, including those who have several.

    Quickly balance with two columns, one for the benefits, the other for the inconvenience, choose the solution that provides the most benefits based on your personal, professional, financial and family.

    Do not forget that IT simplifies the rental management by individuals through rental management software, simple, efficient and not necessarily expensive. Best websites like gerancecenter.com allow to benefit from a full service rental management with, for example, automatic shipments tenant receipts, maturity notice, reminders, fillers regularization letters, request for home insurance certificate . for a small fee (7.50 euros per month in Gerance Center)

    The issue of rental management also arises the shops walls owners and other business premises. Again, you can manage yourself by helping you software commercially or interning site specializes in helping to rental management online.

    Rental management totally free or almost

    Contrary to false popular belief, the rental management of a home (not to be confused with the mission of the trustee of a much more complicated building) is not so complex even for not specialist of property thing .

    Manage your own or your rental housing has the advantage of totally free. By making yourself tracking the rental, you will quickly know any small tiles that may fall.

    In direct relation with the tenant, you will have real-time information concerning the rental management of the leased property such as unpaid rent, the need for the work or repairs that rental right places at the lessor, any nuisance caused by your tenant or otherwise disorders enjoyment he suffers from other residents of the building. Assume you own rental management of your leased property needs of small features within the reach of everyone, have order and carefully classify everything about leased property, including deeds, contracts, bills, notes trustee letters sent and received.

    For a successful rental management, do not be a follower of procrastination, you know this tendency to procrastinate. In terms of rental management, delay and indecision are not forgiven.

    The best solution, one that combines simplicity, efficiency, safety and low-cost, probably the one that is to manage yourself using the services of a dedicated website (see above).

    Manage yourself well not forbidden to hire a professional ad hoc basis. You can only entrust a real estate professional search and selection of the tenant.

    It will ensure the reality of the prospective tenant income, and proceed with other checks as part of what allows the 89-462 law on tenancy relationships. In addition to the rental management software in the form of “a while” offering printable acts and contracts, there are also paper in specialist bookshops loan forms for use, including residential leases conform to the laws and regulations .     

    Rental management card for the professional 

    After careful consideration, it appears that, for lack of time or motivation, rental management of your property does not delight you more than that. No problem, just find a serious and competent professional who is willing to do things for you, upon payment of fees. Not anyone and no matter how. Indeed, under the law Hoguet (recently modified) on the exercise of real estate activities, professional wishing to rental management must hold a professional license issued by the Chamber of Commerce and Industry -CCI- (formerly the Prefecture) mark it “property Management”. The professional must have a financial guarantee to compensate customers if his failing business and a liability insurance which will cover the consequences of his mistakes, negligence and other pearls.

    Ask him a certificate stating that it is the date of payment of contributions from the financial guarantee company and liability insurance. For it may be in order when issuing his business card and subsequently stop being increasingly setting does his contributions. This is not a primary hypothesis, this sometimes occurs.

    Preferably choose a professional based near your places of life, home or work. The distance becomes a source of complication when relationships go bad or worse.

    In real estate professionals, as in all professions, there are serious people and others much less. Run your mouth to the ear to find the professional you need. Remember that you engage your wealth by giving the rental management of the property to a third party.

    Negotiate rental management mandate

    Having researched the good professional, you will sign a contract with a mandate in legal jargon, responding to articles 1984 to 2010 of the Civil Code, as well as Hoguet Law No. 70-9 and its implementing decree No. 72-678. In practice, professionals use property management mandates which are pre-formulated clauses they complete at the time of signing. Open the eye and the right to read everything, scrutinizing everything to clear head home.

    When in doubt, do not you abstain, ask the professional about that bothers you, so check with another source the veracity of his explanation. In addition to the mandatory information, the precise rental management mandate the extent of the missions you hear entrust professional or limited to certain usual administrative acts, is very comprehensive including any rental management. The eternal contract does not exist in French law, the mandate of property management is concluded for a specified period, usually one year, renewable by tacit agreement automatically without the intervention of the parties. So you can end (terminate) the mandate of property management at each anniversary date, respecting the notice therein mentioned, and unfortunately without doubt paying a termination fee.

    It can not be too advise you not to accept this clause providing you charge termination fees.

    The fixed term property management remuneration property manager. It takes an average of between 8% and 15% of annual rents excluding taxes, plus your responsibility mandatory 20% for VAT. Dear, dear! It is not finished. More surprisingly, the professional responsible for property management of your property also applies the same fees on the work in housing.

    Warning. Delegate rental management to a professional is not insurance. Do not let go the bridle, keep an eye on, and react to the slightest delay or negligence. If he is very greedy or casual in achieving its tasks, leave it but respecting the manner specified in the terms of rental management.

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    The Moocs, a little less virtual, slightly more effective?

    The Moocs, a little less virtual, slightly more effective?

    Despite their success, the Moocs struggle to demonstrate their effectiveness over time. Some are considering reintroducing more real in the virtual.

    2.4 million French would have enrolled on a Mooc in 2016, according to latest figures from My Mooc.fr. The same year, 313 are “massive open online course” (in French, “online courses open to all”) that have been created. The success of Moocs, appeared in 2008 in Canada and arrived in France in 2013, did not so crazy. These online courses are nonetheless facing a weight problem: a large majority of users will not after its formation.

    “This is what we call in our jargon, the completion rate. For Moocs, it is estimated that between 2 and 5%. Suffice to say very low. What justification, then, the investments made by some universities, if the results are as bad? “Asks Christine Vaufrey. There are a few years, she founded MOOC & CIE, an educational engineering company, support and training on online training products, with an emphasis on Moocs.

    “Initially, many were built as Moocs lectures, often on video. Of course, when you had all watched, you had to answer a quiz to check the assimilation of knowledge. But, as people did not pay the gratuity being a marker of Moocs if it was too hard, they do not stay, “says Christine Vaufrey. Today, faced with the poor performance of this medium, it reflects its evolution.

    “Some tasks can not be confined to a virtual learning”

    Thus, for her, reintroduce some real in these virtual training could not hurt them. Quite the contrary. “Some tasks can not be confined to a virtual learning. I think for example to surgery. It is best then to combine a face courses and surgery in virtual reality. That already offer some training. “

    The real also helps well in advance. Guillaume Laurie is project manager for pedagogy Kedge, a business school. With his students, for whom he develops Moocs, he decided to team-building, that is to say to motivate them before the start of training. “In doing so, I noticed that the completion rate was then much higher,” he says.

    Especially, some old habits die hard, and digital does not necessarily part, especially in business. “Often, for an employee, a face training is better regarded as access to e-learning. When we offer you one or two days of training with a teacher, you are granted the importance, “Judge Christine Vaufrey. However, real and virtual are not irreconcilable in the professional world: the energy supplier GRTgaz, a subsidiary of Engie, recently launched training for a new gas station employees . with a virtual reality helmet. Employees could both have direct feedback with these trainers, and immerse themselves in the task at hand.

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    La Folle Journee, Theater du Rond-Point . yes culture can be profitable!

  • Men and Affairs
  • La Folle Journee, Theater du Rond-Point . yes culture can be profitable!

    These leaders of men invent new cultural economy. And demonstrate that the term profitability is not a dirty word when it comes to art, intelligence and curiosity.

    The change in continuity. This is the paradox of a sector increasingly anchored in the business, but still dependent on public subsidies that tend to weaken. “You have to manage scarcity,” summarizes Steven Hearn, head of Scintillo, an umbrella group fifteen cultural enterprises, and “direct state funds to areas that need it most.”

    This is not so much to the subsidies of the Ministry of Culture, he refers only to those territorial authorities, to which the financing of culture was gradually delegate. A world more horizontal than vertical decision, where officials and managers of establishments all have their say, but without knowing what adopt funding methods.

    Reconciling mind and money

    The architect and head of François Guiguet program advocates for unreleased packages and tailored to each individual case. “We must not step forward, with notebooks precise and rigorous specifications, to ensure that all stakeholders are on the same line,” he warns.

    The culture in line with the economy? It is not incongruous – Jean-Michel Ribes demonstrated in the last fifteen years in Theâtre du Rond-Point in Paris. But the phenomenon is more obvious in the era of digital, and entrepreneurs have understood how the cultural 2.0 changes the rules of the game, including those of success. Rene Martin, founder of La Folle Journee de Nantes, can testify: “No, now, is immune to a triumph!”

    Jean-Michel Ribes, theater manager of Roundabout

    Human pen and spectacle, Jean-Michel Ribes has been innovating to remake the Theâtre du Rond-Point Mecca of culture. Francois Lafite / Wostok Press / Maxppp, SP

    The manager against his or band manager turned entrepreneur.

    It is primarily an author who writes for the theater. Now and tell how famous counter News, “the theater is a medium where one prefers the dead authors” and where the actors and the director attracts all light. However, Jean-Michel Ribes is as much known today for his role in the cultural world for his artistic work.

    In 2001 he began his entrepreneurial career, by the will of Bertrand Delanoë. The new mayor of Paris ready, in fact, the ear to the chorus of writers who are alarmed by the bad patch of the Theâtre du Rond-Point, promised to become the backyard of fashion shows. He even takes them at their word, by challenging them to save the house and entrusting the keys to the ancient theater of Jean-Louis Barrault in Jean-Michel Ribes, who decided to take the plunge.

    Balance the budget

    “Running a company, I knew how, says playwright. I could talk programming, payment or intermittently, and I arrived with a strong team around me, including Valerie Bouchez, my co-director.” The job has nothing of a sinecure. There must be 64% of the annual budget from the revenue, while the average in the major theaters does not exceed 30%!

    The author then turns into true entrepreneur and prepare a business plan in three acts. At the theater, Deputy First there a bookstore and organizes seminars in partnership with major media. Then he sees fully the restaurant menu to make it accessible to all budgets. “If I could create a hotel, I would have done!” says he.

    Wowing audiences

    No more fixed schedules of performances: the roundabout becomes a place of commercial life, open from noon to midnight, the precursor of a model first developed in the cultural world of the 2000s All spaces are called on to do the show : animations, songs . even in the bathroom!

    Added to this is a great idea: programming not one, but three pieces, played twice a day, to dilute the risk of oven. “I saw this in the 1950s at Jean Mercure, which offered performances at the City Theater in the late afternoon for post office employees.”

    With its air of old elf, Jean-Michel Ribes place his visionary business strategy, based on surprise: “You come, you never know what to expect.” And it’s been fifteen years since it works! As for the author, he continued to write books and sell them – a total of nearly 170,000 copies, according to its publisher Actes Sud.

    Rene Martin, artistic director of the Folle Journee de Nantes

    With his election to the presidency of the European Technology Institute of musical professions at Le Mans, Rene Martin knows a kind of consecration. Marc Roger / SP / La Folle Journee de Nantes

    A producer not so classic that has found a profitable business model for its festival.

    Passionate about music and . management companies, merchant son has followed an unusual career. Conservatory to the works of Sun Ra, Bela Bartók, through string quartets of Beethoven, adolescence is all “Oh!” and “Ah”.

    This does not prevent the music lover to integrate the Nantes School of Management. In 1981, in his early thirties, he combines his two passions by mounting the International Piano Festival of La Roque-d’Antheron in the Bouches-du-Rhône. It will be a musical reference, but also economic, because he does not hesitate to shake up the traditional system of seals. Negotiator outstanding, he manages indeed to pay artists based on predictable revenue concerts.

    Become bankable in the middle of the culture, Rene Martin then all the weapons in hand to achieve the obsession that haunted him for a U2 concert in 1992. “Seeing the enthusiasm of these young people, I told myself that I could draw them to the classic. ” In 1995, he thus creates La Folle Journee de Nantes and proposes a series of very moderately priced concerts.

    Attract young

    In wise manager, Rene Martin prefers to rely on a high self-financing (60%) rather than public aid. Its calculation falls within the old logical volume: many concerts with seating from 35 francs (5 euros), should ensure the influx of the public. Bet won the event, which lasts five days now, has become an institution.

    Rene Martin has managed to reinvent a business model of classical music festival, able to attract a younger audience and more popular, never taking the easy way in programming, half of which comes from the contemporary repertoire, and where electronic music all its place.

    “It is I who selected the themes, the works and artists,” says the sexagenarian the feverish eyes, always attentive and on the lookout for the slightest novelty. In February, it will dance and the many ways in which it influences art music. Again, he honed the program with his team of ten people, with well defined roles and a budget of nearly 5 million.

    His small company, always structured association of which he is himself employed, exported La Folle Journee in Japan – in Tokyo, each edition brings together nearly 1 million people – in Warsaw and Yekaterinburg (Russia). This represents 1,500 concerts worldwide each year. A godsend for artists who are eager to travel.

    François Guiguet, architect, co-founder of Aubry & Guiguet consulting agency project management

    François Guiguet helps design the places where culture can be fully expressed. Franck Ferville for Management

    For each project, it creates a suitable financial arrangement.

    The Cite des Sciences in Paris, the Shanghai Opera, this is it! François Guiguet however, is not a star architect, but rather a “geneticist” the art who operates upstream projects to fix the DNA. Its clients are political and community managers.

    His specialty is the enhancement of urban and industrial wastelands. As in Mons, which was preparing in 2015 to become European Business School Admission of Culture. With his agency Aubry & Guiguet recommends that the Walloon city of “sew up the old story with the priorities of the moment”: to transform the old slaughterhouse into a museum, creating a digital writing center or a Google Data Center .

    Imagine models

    “We always try to imagine and tell something new,” says the consultant. Its business since the late 1980s, it was a lot of studies conducted upstream of the first drawings of the architect and arbitrage of the future supervisor.

    A work called “programming” which dedicated team of eight young talents pleased to invest in projects that require each time to design novel project templates. Witness these specifications sent one day in 1999 by Jean Blaise as . poem! The artistic director of shows was about to create unique place in Nantes in the former biscuit Lu.

    Steven Hearn, managing director and founder of Scintillo, comprising fifteen cultural enterprises

    Steven Hearn made the connection between the public and cultural enterprises. REVELLI-BEAUMONT / SIPA

    Moderator more a manager, he advocated the organization of fish.

    Convinced of the potential of enterprise 2.0, Steven Hearn seeks to apply the recipes in the world of culture. Unless it be the opposite? Whatever! In multidiplôme – philosophy, art history and trade (Inseec) – the main thing is to show that the hybridization between digital culture and culture tout court is the way of the future.

    With the SOS Group, a player in the social economy, Scintillo won a five-year public service delegation (DSP) for the management and programming of the Gaite Lyrique, became a center of digital culture in Paris .

    Manage aid

    To policy, it calls for better use of public subsidies. “Their duty is to create conditions for the development of culture, not to define it as such,” he loose. So support those who really need it, contemporary dance, for example, and let alone cultural entrepreneurs who are betting to balance their budgets.

    electronic music fan, this dashing quadra knows whereof he speaks: Scintillo its holding company, which he founded in 2010, brings together fifteen cultural enterprises, for a total turnover of over 25 million.

    The loss of the contract of the Gaite Lyrique in July, was probably a little upset, but not unmotivated provided. “I did not really competing,” rest assured that neoentrepreneur, happy to win 5,000 euros per month and admiring Matthieu Pigasse, high-flying banker and editor Inrocks. Or Henri de Castries, the former CEO of Axa, and his organization of fish. “All together in the same direction, but all independent If brutal attack, it disperses rapidly and the danger passed, it gathers again. “

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    The biscuits are Lenôtre oven

    The biscuits are Lenôtre oven

    Austerity forces, companies carve in their reception budgets. This does not suit the famous caterer, forced to find new revenue management.

    What strategy will it follow the direction to boost sales?

    Scenario  1: Yielding shops to refocus solely on receptions.

    Scenario 2: Engage in social and outsource part of the production.

    Scenario 3: Keep all activities with their numbers, but rationalize.

    Lenôtre chose Scenario 3.

    This is not invented. Lenôtre workshops are installed . Plaisir, near Paris. And from 6 am, the commotion of battle. 350 cooks are activated. In the basement, dozens of little hands peel fresh vegetables, cut pieces of meat . Upstairs, thirty load chocolates, forty deal with desserts and macaroons, as “the hive “assembles canapes.

    Always with a taste of sophistication: the ice cream is made with pear crops Potager du Roi (Versailles), almonds are caramelized in copper vats . “Our DNA is the quality guarantees proudly CEO, Laurent Le Fur. The house can become a war machine, but it requires very careful management, otherwise it is flu easily. “

    ITS OWNER,  the Sodexo Group, knows something: since the canteen has provided catering in 2011, savored! In terms of prestige, no complaints: stars brigade (Guy Krenzer, Michel Roth .) and VIP activities (shops in uptown, receptions in ministries) . everything is there!

    > You prefer the homemade? Find video courses to achieve your foie gras: (Click on the image to launch the video)

    But the financial side, it is not at the party: in three years, the caterer has accumulated over 15 million euros in losses, for a turnover of 103 million euros in 2014. “This year, for the first time, the company will make money, “says the daughter of the founder of Sodexo Nathalie Szabo-Bellon, Sodexo CEO of Sports and Recreation. For 2015, management announced a turnover of 104 million euros and an operating profit ironed in the green. However, an undeniable best, insufficient: the shareholder had to put the hand in the pocket and reBusiness School Admissionize its subsidiary.

    Lenôtre, yet it is a great story. That of a Norman pastry chef, Gaston came to try his luck in Paris in 1957. He opened a shop rue d’Auteuil, quickly successful meeting, then opens a reception activity, opening stores abroad . the development is bold. A little too much: the mid-1980s already, Gaston should call the Accor Group to the rescue. “We launched a savings plan, streamlined the organization and reignited the trade agreement until the World Cup 1998!” Says one elder.

    In the 2000s, Lenôtre begins to invest, buying back Fauchon shops, multiplying international partnerships . The history repeat itself? “When we bought the company Accor in 2011, she was in a difficult situation, highly leveraged,” says Nathalie Bellon-Szabo. Clash of cultures undoubtedly, the group is in any case time to take things in hand. “We do not want to be brutal, shows the shareholder. The priority was to preserve the talent, now we apply our management skills. “

    First project: the receiving business, a segment weakened since 2008. Private and public institutions, all reduced their mouth fresh. Consider this: for his cocktail of July 14, the city of Paris is negotiating free champagne and petit fours against a highlighting of the supplier!

    In addition, competition has hardened. Last year, home Fauchon and Lenôtre blown his contract covered 7,000 at Roland Garros. “Yet it was the first time she took part in our consultations,” says Bastien Laurichesse, the French Tennis Federation. “The Paris market becoming very competitive, we seek to organize more events abroad,” said Laurent Le Fur. Especially, Sodexo and Lenôtre join forces to multiply the catering contracts in stages: the canteen, meals to the public; the caterer, the service reserved for personalities.

    OTHER BLACK POINT  recent years: the shops. “The customer declined by 5% per year,” admits Laurent Le Fur.

    First, the offer was so abundant that it became confused: appetizers, cold dishes, pastries, cakes . all offered whatever the size of stores, or 90 300 square meters. “We clarified the board, with 30% less revenue, and adapted assortments to spaces and neighborhoods,” continues the CEO.

    Then, some prices were a little difficult to digest in times of austerity. Count 70 euros Autumn Leaf Cake star of the house, eight or nine people. No way to plane labels, but the house is now developing smaller, more affordable products, like a bag of pretzels chocolate to 6.50 euros, cleverly installed near the cash register. Result? Two of the fifteen shops remain threatened, but attendance is generally ironed in the green.

    The log Hermes 130 euros

    Last strategic issue: to sort through the myriad of more secondary activities. The management would boost profitable business, such as licenses with industry – the cook develops products for Labeyrie Bridor (Groupe Le Duff) and Barry Callebaut – or training school. It already hosts 3,000 professionals annually.

    Conversely, Sodexo is considering settle less promising activities, such as delivery of meal trays or catalogs of corporate gifts. “Nothing is settled, said Nathalie Bellon-Szabo. But the momentum is there. “So .

    A slight improvement after 3 years of losses:

    2012  : € 5.5 million loss

    in 2013  : 6.8 million euros of losses

    in 2014  : € 3.3 million loss

    in 2015  : 1.8 million euros in profits

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    LDLC, the e-commerce Gold Family

    LDLC, the e-commerce Gold Family

    This site, set up by two brothers and their sister, became a reference in the sale of computer equipment online. It all began in Lyon, in the family apartment .

    “Shhh, listen,” Remi whispered Helmtsetter. Perched on a stairway filled to observe a ray maze of high-tech equipment, we reach the ear for long seconds. Perplexed. The warehouse manager of LDLC.com, large brown to jovial, insists: “You hear? Nothing, not a sound! “And yet we did it ensures the site of Saint-Quentin-Fallavier (Isère) in full swing. “The air of nothing, today we will ship 3500 package.” In fact, it’s an automated system that performs most of the work by routing cartons through a warehouse of 16,000 square meters. Miracle of technology .

    The success of LDLC.com is comparable to its logistics center: a deafening silence. In a few years, Lyon has quietly established itself as “the” expert in computer products on the Internet. Its virtual hypermarket has already attracted 1.6 million customers (60% private, 40% of professionals), including 600,000 who provide it regularly. And are willing to pay a little more to be sure to find the gadget of their dreams.

    “Today, a computer component on ten sold in France come from us,” says Laurent de la Clergerie (box bears his initials, LDLC), founder and CEO, in his modest office in Ecully, in Lyon suburbs. This grand shy of 41 years runs the business with his sister, Caroline, Executive Director, and his brother, Olivier, CEO. With 169 million euros in revenue in 2010-2011, up from 14% a year ago, this family business is starting to worry his opponents, as RueDuCommerce (€ 353 million), the founder ensures power up to three years.

    Valued at 40 million euros on the stock market, LDLC.com saw its increase over 127% in three years. Its history began in 1996 when the Web was still in its infancy. Laurent de la Clergerie, 26, all fresh out of engineering school, then niche chooses as his lifelong passion: computing.

    The trio has not yielded to the siren song of the investment fund

    In the family apartment in Saint-Didier-au-Mont-d’Or, he set up a sales site, one of the first of its kind. Convinces his father, an executive at Renault to invest 8,000 euros (50,000 francs at the time). It even fits in a scavenger hunt organized by “Paris Match”, is 400 kilometers away and landed 70,000 francs paid to the initial Business School Admission. The material is piled in the garage. “The first clients, I received the pajamas,” he recalls.

    Two years later, joined by his brother and sister, he opened a shop in the university district of Lyon for five years, it showcases, warehouse and headquarters. While the internet boom continues, the investment funds are knocking on their door. The trio keeps a cool head, preferring to place 30% of the Business School Admission stock. “When the bubble burst in 2000, our independence is our strength, because we had to be accountable to anyone,” he recalls.

    With its 20,000 references, the next treasure trove of LDLC, he has not changed. We can both unearth a battery or a new screen for an ancient computer, the most powerful hard disk or tablet last cry .. “It offers 500 different memory modules, against fifty in others trumpeted the Lawrence Clergerie. People come to us because they know that one has absolutely everything that exists in the market. “A Ecully, a team of ten buyers, one of which is in charge of China, spend the day on the phone with Suppliers. The founder, who love snooping on geeks forums (he has his own, HardWare.fr, the pioneer of the genre, which has 850,000 subscribers), puts his hand to the dough.

    But LDLC not content to let its customers in this large virtual bazaar. Although minimalist (unchanged since 2001), its website offers a series of tips to guide the buyer: a module allows to check in three clicks if accessories are compatible with his computer. “Even the experts sometimes need guidance,” says Yann Benoît, in charge of Lyon Shop (LDLC into account another in Paris), where customers can test the equipment and order a custom computer. The service, charged 60 euros, is also available on the website. Since 90% of sales are made online, especially LDLC heals on time delivery. To ensure that customers receive their products within 24 to 48 hours, the site prefer to store a maximum of references. The warehouse is managed by a software designed by ultraperfectionne house experts.

    “Logistics is too important to be outsourced,” says the officer. Loïc Bouffard, a used computer expert customer LDLC, confirms: “The state of the stock listed on the website still reflects the reality, there was never any bad surprises.” The highlight of LDLC also shows the limits of its model, which requires to store thousands of references to low spin and charge prices a bit higher than elsewhere. Once a year, besides destocks LDLC in part, in a large market.

    Call center, customer service, nothing is outsourced

    Last cog in the machine: after-sales service. The company employs about thirty technicians, divided between a call center and a repair service. All experts, recruited after a battery of ultrapointues issues. Example: “A radiator provided to cool on a processor 1156 can it be reused on a socket 1155? Why? “In case of failure, LDLC promises to return the unit one week later against more than three in most competitors. If the repair drags on, it sends a new product: Once repaired, the damaged device used to help another customer. A smart system, which avoids accumulating complaints.

    Now the main goal of the family is to increase profitability, still modest (1.8 million euro net profit last year). It has diversified in 2008 in equipment for home with Maginea.com (€ 2 million turnover). “The goal is to build on the existing logistics to distribute products with higher margins than hardware,” said Laurent de la Clergerie. As for the family Business School Admission, “it is not about to touch it,” insists the young CEO. This great online poker player ranked in the top ten in the Poker Stars tournament may well be a follower of the bluff was well want to believe .

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    The most welcoming countries for the French who want to emigrate

    The most welcoming countries for the French who want to emigrate

    Blocked in France? Inventory of countries seeking skills for all candidates to work with or without diplomas.

    William Doudou Thiam in 2002: a young graduate who connects the CSD-lived despite its economy stalled in college master Marseille. The same in 2013: he lives in London, where he created OST Consulting, a recruitment firm, after learning on the job among hunters reputed heads. “Here, no one is concerned about the reputation of my training, my sounding name or the color of my skin,” says the Franco-Senegalese 35 years. As for back across the Channel, it is not for tomorrow, “I’ll soon get married here .”

    Without going to marry a native, although the French do not hesitate, as William, to start or restart their careers abroad. We know the French scene: a weak labor market, the trend of recruiters to dismiss the imperfect CV, worship graduation, the difficulty that specifically meet candidates from immigrant even graduates. Elsewhere, all is not rosy, of course. But some of these barriers are more easily removed. Provided to choose the right destination.

    Germany: technicians and engineers are sought

    Ask a German HR that means to him Polytechnique “He probably evoke an employee master several technologies” smiles Jerôme Lecot, director Eurojob Consulting, a Franco-German recruitment firm. With their education systems, focusing on short vocational courses, our neighbors appreciate the quality of our engineers, but do not fall into a swoon before our schools. So, many profiles have their chance. Starting in the industry, bac + 2 technical or commercial and tray 5 in mechanical engineering, electronics and energy. Of course, germanisants will be favored.

    But beware: even for these, all regions are created equal. If half of the 50,000 French arriving each year opt for Berlin and its trendy atmosphere, they do not necessarily make the best choice. First, because unemployment is high (12%, against 5% in the country) and, except in the Internet start-up, jobs are scarce. Then because wages are on average 20% lower than in the west. Better to aim for the North Rhine-Westphalia, Baden-Württemberg or Bavaria, more dynamic. To find the offers, please visit the corporate sites and general job boards, like Monster, Indeed StepStone or or specialized (Log-Employment, VDI). Finally to network, go for Xing, first social site in Germany.

    Australia: Working Holiday is the ideal entry visa

    In 2013, Australia will know its twenty-second consecutive year of growth. Even if it slows down for a few months, it would take more to worry about its inhabitants. Want to smell a scent of optimism? For 18-30 years, it’s simple. Just ask a Working Holiday work permit, as did last year’s 20,000 French. Valid for one year, it allows prospecting on site, while living, if necessary, in odd jobs picking fruit and vegetables or restoration. But if you want to stay longer, we must find sustainable employment. Naturally, all profiles will not have the same opportunities. It will be difficult in marketing and communication, simpler in engineering or sales.

    To find, know that “60% of positions are filled by word-of-mouth,” says Jacques Reynaud, director of consulting firm HR Polyglot Group. Networking is therefore necessary, on LinkedIn, but also with the Franco-Australian Chamber of Commerce. Another imperative register with employment agencies (see list on Seek.com.au), through which passes a quarter hiring. Finally, if you have more than 30 years, know that access to the Australian market will be difficult because work visas are granted only to those who already have a job. So, much prospect with a tourist visa, even though it is forbidden. A hope: to have a job which the country lacks, as auditor geologist, doctor or nurse. You will then receive a special entry procedure.

    Canada: Francophones are encouraged to come

    In November, the Canadian Embassy in Paris will organize its traditional annual forum on employment. But do not expect to enter freely. “Given the influx, visitors are selected in advance on record,” apologizes Louise Van Winkle, the immigration service. With its strong economy, its tolerant society . and French as a second language, the country has something to attract. To the point that employment center has an agreement with the authorities to encourage our unemployed from. How to do ? For those under 35, the best is to ask, as in Australia, a Working Holiday work permit. It will allow for a year of seeking an employer, a CDI contract is necessary to obtain a long-term visa. No language skills or experience are required.

    Attention their number is limited enrollment. Last year, the 6/700 availability were taken in 48 hours! Next destination, Quebec is logically the most popular province. Yet others, predominantly English-speaking, have potential, such as Alberta (construction, oil and gas), Ontario (ICT, biotech) or . Saskatchewan (education, health). Finally, if you are considering a permanent installation, be aware that some trades will be more favored than others in obtaining the papers, as they are deemed fit to shortages. This is the case, for example, mechanical engineers, chemists and computer scientists, but also welders, electricians, sheet metal workers or plumbers.

    United States: we must use cunning to access the “American dream”

    Hundreds of thousands of French nationals in the United States could testify. To work in the US, we must be patient because visa policy is strict: a contract is required before issuing the precious document. However, catering to IT, through fashion, tourism, engineering, areas abound in which local employers appreciate the French touch. The ideal for a graduate is to start with a VIE (voluntary international business) in a French subsidiary. Over a period of six months to two years, it can start looking for potential recruiters. Only competition obliges the LIFE are often former major schools.

    For others, there are tricks. First, that of canvass come on a tourist visa, even if it is not allowed. If you are under 35, it will be possible in the absence of a permanent contract, negotiate an internship of one year. To find the twenty Franco-American Chambers of Commerce will provide the opportunity for a valuable relay. Alternatively, however costly, enroll in an American college, even unknown. You will get a student visa and, at the end of your “true-false” studies, you can stay one more year with a visa says OPT issued easily. Provided, again, to have found at least one internship. For this, think primarily the many companies created by our compatriots. This was done Jerôme Lambert. This doctor of Finance 28, who found nothing in France, landed late 2011 in San Diego and quickly got an analyst at AnaMetrix, a web marketing start-up whose founder is a serial entrepreneur tricolor.

    Britain: rapid career for atypical CV

    How many are the Froggies? No one really knows. In London alone, the figures vary between 200,000 and 300,000! In any case, as shown by our survey, they are numerous and their profiles are more varied. It must be said that the British Business School Admission has a knack for attracting. And not only graduates of high schools in the City. Those ânonnent English find odd jobs in restaurants or distribution. “But once at home in the language, they can evolve,” says Marine Deneux, Center Charles Peguy, a French association that helps to fit. Those speaking well candidateront in recruitment agencies that monopolize 90% of the offers. Some firms such as French Resources aimed compatriots. Warning: here, a good degree does not decide a career. “Motivation is equally important,” says Alexandre Leblanc. In France, a graduate of ESC Troyes saw that offering jobs in sales. Party in London in late 2010, he started in marketing before becoming responsible HR and management consultant! “This trip changed my life.” Who’s next?

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